About the book


The author, Tormod Rafgård, has worked with tanker owners since 1965, and has now written the book “Tankers, big oil & pollution liability”. Rafgard has background as director of the international tanker owners’ association (INTERTANKO), and has served as a judge in the Court of Appeals. In these capacities he has witnessed the unwieldy and cumbersome development of an ever-more complex environmental liability structure, involving governmental agencies, oil companies, environmental protection groups, classification societies, P&I clubs, coastal states and the shipping industry. After accidents, they all scrambled to pin the blame on one party, while everyone else was seeking to disclaim responsibility.

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You may read the book page by page using our pdf reader, or you can download low resolution pdf directly.

About the author


Tormod Rafgard

How to navigate


On the left hand side of the page you will find the Table of Content. The Big Bang is the first Chapter, which is located just under Foreword & Acknowledgments, where the author has written a few lines about himself.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z